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ПОВОЛЖСКИЙ ЭКОЛОГИЧЕСКИЙ ЖУРНАЛ

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Трансформация структуры нерестовых сообществ бесхвостых амфибий пойменных озёр долины р. Медведица (Саратовская область) в условиях многолетнего снижения водности

https://doi.org/10.18500/1684-7318-2018-4-404-417

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Аннотация

Проанализирована структура нерестовых таксоценозов бесхвостых амфибий в пяти пойменных озёрах в долине р. Медведица в 2009 – 2018 гг. В качестве модельных использовали два притеррасных озера (Лебяжье и Кóблово) и три озера центральной поймы (Садок, Кругленькое и Черепашье). Установлена деградация популяций трех наиболее многочисленных видов, снижение степени доминирования чесночницы обыкновенной. Деградации в большей степени подвержены виды с большей дистанцией нерестовых миграций – выраженность изменений последовательно убывает в ряду видов: Pelophylax ridibundus Pelobates fuscus Bombina bombina. Показатели структуры сообществ амфибий в притеррасных озёрах Лебяжье и Коблово были стабильны. На фоне малой водности и нестабильного гидрологического режима озёр центральной поймы с продолжительностью исследования пять и более лет были установлены три периода, характеризующих структуру нерестовых таксоценозов амфибий: стабильной структуры, резкого снижения доминирования и увеличения выравненности, увеличения вариабельности основных показателей структуры. В конце третьего периода, характеризующего структуру таксоценозов, отмечена некоторая стабилизация основных параметров при крайне низком уровне численности половозрелых особей всех видов амфибий. Высокий уровень весеннего половодья р. Медведица в 2018 г. определил начало выхода из аномально продолжительного периода малой водности нерестовых озёр в пойме (с 2009 по 2017 г.) и их функционирования в режиме временных водоёмов.. Произошедшее резкое увеличение водности пойменных озер и удлинения их гидропериода позволяет констатировать начало процесса восстановления численности популяций и структуры сообществ бесхвостых амфибий.

Об авторах

М. В. Ермохин
Саратовский национальный исследовательский государственный университет имени Н. Г. Чернышевского
Россия
410012, Саратов, Астраханская, 83


Г. А. Иванов
Саратовский национальный исследовательский государственный университет имени Н. Г. Чернышевского
Россия
410012, Саратов, Астраханская, 83


В. Г. Табачишин
Саратовский филиал Института проблем экологии и эволюции им. А. Н. Северцова РАН
Россия
410028, Саратов, Рабочая, 24


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Для цитирования:


Ермохин М.В., Иванов Г.А., Табачишин В.Г. Трансформация структуры нерестовых сообществ бесхвостых амфибий пойменных озёр долины р. Медведица (Саратовская область) в условиях многолетнего снижения водности. ПОВОЛЖСКИЙ ЭКОЛОГИЧЕСКИЙ ЖУРНАЛ. 2018;(4):404-417. https://doi.org/10.18500/1684-7318-2018-4-404-417

For citation:


Yermokhin M.V., Ivanov G.A., Tabachishin V.G. Structure Transformation of the Anuran Amphibian Spawning Communities in Floodplain Lakes of the Medveditsa River Valley (Saratov Region) under Conditions of Long-Term Reduction of Water Content. Povolzhskiy Journal of Ecology. 2018;(4):404-417. https://doi.org/10.18500/1684-7318-2018-4-404-417

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